Understanding of Supreme Court Precedent
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Understanding of Supreme Court Precedent
Since the Constitution is not a dusty old document in a museum, or the Supreme Court not inactive, much of what we believe to be “by the books, straight-on, law is law” is really based on interpretation of the Constitution and its Amendments, often the first ten called called the Bill of Rights. The second Amendment calls for a “A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed” PLEASE do not copy Wikipedia on this; I have taught this course for eleven years, and while interesting, know that article by heart. Doing so will cause you to fail.
A. What meaning did Thomas Jefferson, then Secretary of State, have in mind when writing for this this country’s Bill of Rights where the frontier was the end of Massachusetts, Pennsylvania and Georgia (among the thirteen colonies) and hostile Brtish, French, Indian and Spanish armies surrounded the small states.
B. What is “precedent” in intepretations by the Supreme court. Look at how the Supreme Court looked at the right to bear arms in the a 1878 decision involving US vs Cruiksank and the much more recent, and in this professor’s opinion, decisive, Heller vs The District of Columbia which allow citizens to carry handguns,
C. What weapons are prohibited now?
With Columbine, Aurora, and most tragically perhaps Newtown School and the most recent rampage of LEGALLY purchased guns in UC Irvine, should these decisions be re-examined? I am interested in you backing up your yes or no answer with RESEARCH and FACTS, not feelings.
At the end of the essay the objective is to demonstrate understanding of Supreme Court precedent (not voting of laws by citizens) and the effect it has on the laws passed by the States and local authorities.
The Unit 3 Assignment requires you to apply the theories, concepts and research that we have covered so far this term to hypothetical case studies. Your answers to the questions should consist of information from the text and supplemental readings.
You also may use sources from the Kaplan Library or other credible Internet sources, but your primary sources should be the readings assigned for the course.
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After reading each case, please fully answer the questions below.
Answers to the questions should be typed in a Word document, double-spaced in 12-point font and submitted to the Dropbox. Most students will need to write 2-3 typed pages for each case in order to address all required parts of the project.
Your final paper must be your original work; plagiarism will not be tolerated. Be sure to review the Syllabus in terms of what constitutes plagiarism.
Please make sure to provide proper credit for those sources used in your case study analysis in proper APA format. Please see the APA Quick Reference for any questions related to APA citations. You must credit authors when you:
- Summarize a concept, theory or research
- Use direct quotes from the text or articles
Case Study 1: Marla
Marla is a 24-year-old woman who recently graduated from college and began a new job at an advertising firm. She suffers from extreme fear of social situations. In college, she avoided parties and large gatherings and tended to keep to herself. Now that she is working, it is becoming increasingly difficult for her to avoid social situations. Her boss and co-workers expect her to attend office functions and client parties as networking is a large part of the job. Marla is very artistic and creative and has already designed several successful ads for clients, but she is afraid that she will lose her job because of the difficulties she is experiencing socially.
- Define the target behavior in this case study.
- Describe how respondent behavior is involved in the development of an anxiety problem. Identify the CS and CR in this example.
- Discuss the difference between systematic and in-vivo desensitization. What are the advantages /disadvantages of each procedure?
- Design a behavior modification procedure for Marla and explain the rationale for your selection. Be sure to include a discussion of behavior hierarchy, relaxation procedures and desensitization procedures.
- Compare specific ABA-based treatment that can be applied to assist clients with fear and anxiety.
Case Study 2: Jon
Jon is a 6-year-old boy, with normal intelligence, who has a hair-pulling habit, or self-stimulatory behavior. The hair pulling occurs most often during periods of inactivity, such as during TV watching, quiet time in school, or waiting in line with his parents.
- Define the target behavior in this case study.
- What is the behavior excess or deficit involved in this example? What are some of the possible short- and long-term implications of this behavior for the client?
- Design a habit reversal procedure for Jon that includes the use of differential reinforcement and identification of an appropriate competing response.
Suppose that Jon had an intellectual disability. How would you change your habit reversal procedure to increase its effectiveness?
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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