The Impacts of Business Activities on Stakeholders
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
The Impacts of Business Activities on Stakeholders
Drawing on the concepts and theories studied in Modules II and III, write a research assignment addressing the impacts of business activities on stakeholders and the actions taken by business, governments and social groups.
Assessment 3: Research report (40%)
The aim of the research report is to develop skills required to investigate different sources of information about one specific issue, and to critically select and analyse primary and secondary data to support your arguments in response to a research question.
The research report uses primary data/information (collected by you from web pages and newspapers), secondary research data/information (interpretations from others on the case or the issue) and refereed papers to answer one of the assigned research questions.
In the course of your investigation, you will source and use (create) one specific case example (i.e. one corporation and issue) to illustrate the interaction between the B, S and G sectors, in relation to the issue selected.
The process of research is the central activity in Module 3, and therefore the readings, tutorial activities and audiovisuals are included to guide you through the research process. The research assignment is the outcome that will be evaluated and marked, and it is expected that it will represent an extensive piece of work developed through Weeks 9 to 14. This includes:
- Review of literature for the theoretical perspectives of the topic to be researched.
- Collection of information and textual data on the case you choose to study (drawing on primary and secondary sources).
- Analysis and interpretation of this information and textual data.
- Reflection on the relationships between the different perspectives discovered in the case.
- Communication of your results of this research, in the written form of a research assignment.
The research should be based on library and web-based resources (such as the websites of corporations and NGOs). It is important to regard the texts collected as crucial data/information that must be critically analysed. The research process for writing the assignment does not simply require you to cobble together fragments of information collected from different sources. Instead, the text should form the foundation for developing your own arguments in your assignment.
The aim of the research assignment is to develop skills required to investigate different sources of information about one specific issue, and to critically select and analyse primary and secondary data to support your arguments in response to a research question.
The research assignment uses primary (data/information collected by you from web pages and newspapers) and secondary research data/information (interpretations from others on the case or issue) to answer one of the assigned research questions, drawn from the six issues covered in Module 3.
In the course of your investigation, you will source and use one specific case example to illustrate the interaction between the B, S and G sectors, in relation with the issue selected.
Note: Base your assignment on your research into any one of the following research questions. Develop your own example of a case (a business or corporation) to illustrate the positive and negative outcomes you identify.
- Why do companies use sweatshops, and what are the impacts of that for business and for society?
- Why is child labour used by some corporations, and how does this impact on the conditions of children’s lives and the society they live in?
- Why is discrimination (e.g. due to race, ethnicity, gender, disability or age) considered a problem for society, and what role should business play to avoid its impacts?
- Why should consumers be protected from business activities (e.g. products and advertisements) and what are the risks of ignoring consumer rights?
- Why is the environment considered a business stakeholder, and what are the consequences for business and for society of ignoring it?
- Why are some businesses moving into “alternative ethical practices” (e.g. fair trade) and what are the impacts on society and on business?
The process of research involves the following steps:
- Identify the problem (this will assist in your selection of the appropriate research question – see above).
- From the research question which you select, identify some key words that might be relevant for your web searches (e.g. discrimination, gender, “equal opportunity”, “glass ceiling”, ethical trade, consumerism). The readings in the BSP book of readings can be used as a departure point to assist you in coming up with some key words.
- Use these key words to search in “advance search” mode the library catalogue and e- resources (e.g. ABI/Inform Global; Business Source Premier; Proquest ANZ Newsstand, Factiva). You could even use Google Scholar, but remember that for these purposes such Internet searches should be used with caution. You should consult the online search tutorial accessed through the Library web pages (see the link in the vUWS site) for information about using the library resources.
- To limit the findings of your searches, and as a matter of quality control, you should focus only on peer review journals that were published recently (say, for example, in the last 10 years). Use combinations of words using the Boolean searches (eg, sweatshop and outsourcing; child labour without the word sex).
- Use newspaper web pages accessed from the e-resources of the library (e.g. The Sydney Morning Herald; an international news agency such as Reuters, Proquest ANZ Newsstand or Factiva). These can help you to identify cases that have reached the news, and such news articles might provide a useful source of comparison with the data which you can easily obtain from a corporation’s website.
- To select literature for your literature review, read the abstracts of journal articles etc. from the web (or note their details in the library catalogue), and select one or two recent relevant books and articles that analyse the research problem from the approach you are taking. For example, if you are researching discrimination in the workplace, you might focus on literature that refers to workplace issues from a sociological or ethical perspective. It can be acceptable to take a broad approach to your literature searches, but remember that you may save time by being more focused on a well-defined topic or research question.
- From the literature, identify the different views taken by the various authors in the academic debate.
- Based on the information collected, identify a case (a business or corporation) whose activities are associated with the problem in positive and/or negative ways (i.e. because the corporation has implemented CSR programs, or because it has been the target of protest from global social movements).
- Identify NGOs or other organisations that work for a ‘solution’ to the problem under investigation (for example, the ILO for labour standards, human rights to prevent child labour exploitation, consumer watch organisations)
- Collect data about the case, focusing on the problem under investigation (drawing on data from the corporation’s web pages, from NGOs or from critics of the corporation’s practices).
- Be careful to check which countries are at stake since the business environment might be relevant to evaluate the implications of company actions.
The preparation of the research report assignment involves:
- Your reflective analysis of the literature about the problem. You should address different perspectives and the arguments used in the literature to interpret the problem.
- Analysis of the data collected from the various web pages (from the corporation, NGOs and critics). It is important to critically evaluate the statements – you should not simply take for granted what is said as the ‘truth’. Be critical and analytical. For example, look for contradictions in the texts, compare different texts about the same events and look for different points of view inside the web source.
- Using your sociological imagination and ethical reasoning to question the different arguments.
- When writing the assignment, remember that, although you are the author, if you refer to the ideas of other scholars or commentators, these should be adequately acknowledged. The most important ideas are those that you develop from your interpretation of the literature and your analysis of the data. You can write in the first person if you like, but do not forget to substantiate your views. It is not compulsory to use first person.
- The research assignment is the outcome of a complex and extensive research process and, because it is only 2000 words, it is expected that you will synthesise the main ideas, arguments and data from the case.
- The presentation of the case is not a description of the company, neither is it simply a reproduction of the way the company represents itself. It is the presentation of your analysis of the initiatives the company has taken in relation to the specific research question (the corporation’s discourse as well as its actions). Including the history of the corporation is only appropriate if that history is relevant for an understanding of the practices developed by the corporation in relation to the problem under investigation.
- The conclusion is not a repetition of what you have already said; it is a synthesis of the main ideas from your findings and your proposals out of your reflection on the case.
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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