significant differences in spoken and written english
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
significant differences in spoken and written english
Based on this weeks lecture, analyze the acts of writing and public speaking. Compare as well as Contrast the act of writing a message versus presenting a message orally.
Week Six Lecture Effective Oral Presentation
Writing Skills are crucial in the workplace, the ability to communicate information orally in a formal presentation format is a critical skill to possess. Consequently, our last major topic in ENGL202 will cover the essential features of an Effective Oral Presentation.
Like any form of presentation, an oral presentation needs you to pay close attention to research and planning. You should first consider your purpose, audience and setting.
What is the aim of your research?
What is the key focus of your presentation?
Why are you presenting it in oral form?
If you are presenting as a group, what will the other group members say?
Who are you presenting your findings to?
What does your audience expect to gain from listening to you?
What is the age group and educational background of your audience?
Are they more or less knowledgeable on the topic than you?
· What facilities will be available?
· Is there a computer with a projector?
· How big is the room?
· Will you need a microphone?
· Can you visit the room beforehand to check the facilities?
· Will your audience be seated in rows or around tables?
Similar to an academic essay or other writing task, an oral presentation needs an introduction, a body and a conclusion.
An introduction is essential. It allows you to engage your audience and set the scene for the talk which follows. Without an introduction, your audience will not know where you are taking them and what your main points will be. A good introduction should include:
your name (and perhaps your academic background)
the subject of your talk
a brief background to the subject
a statement as to why the subject is important
an outline of the main points
any questions that you will address
any questions or points you want the audience to consider while you’re talking.
The introduction helps the audience to follow your talk by knowing what points to expect, and the order of these points. Do not spend too long on the introduction, but do give your audience time to assimilate what you are saying. You should spend most time on the body of the talk. For example, if you’re giving a 10-minute presentation, then 2-3 minutes is enough for the introduction. If you need to give a lot of background, you can move that to the body section.
The body is the major part of the presentation. This is where you elaborate on your points, perhaps with images or soundas they say, ‘A picture is worth a thousand words.’ Be careful not to use gimmicks though; include only those things which will help you to make your point more clearly or forcefully. Remember to give examples for each point, and use graphs or tables if appropriate.
Your conclusion should match the points in your introduction and body, but never be longer than the introduction. It should leave the audience with a final impression of the subject. You should consider the following questions:
What were your major points?
Did you answer any questions during the talk?
Did you ask the audience any questions which you need to recap now?
Is there anything the audience are not clear about?
What do you want your audience to remember after your talk?
What is the difference between spoken and written language?
There are both subtle and significant differences in spoken and written English and it is good to know what they are when preparing your oral presentation. Of course, a speech will sound more natural than a written essay, but you can still use a more formal approach. Consider the following points:
First Person – Your oral presentation will typically be presented in the first person, using the word ‘I’. You can refer to yourself, e.g. I would like to start by… or Let me give you an example…, whereas in written assessment it is best to avoid saying I think, or in my opinion.
Signposting – In an essay paper, you often use the expression The focus of this paper… This technique is crucial in oral presentations where the audience does not have the text in front of them, but needs to be able to follow the structure of your presentation.
Jargon – Your audience needs to be able to follow you without necessarily referring to written text and so you need to express yourself using common language. You do not need to sound overly academic and use terminology that your audience cannot be expected to understand. Make sure you define unusual terms in your introduction.
How do I prepare for an oral presentation?
Preparation will help to give you confidence. However, most people feel nervous before a presentation. Here are some points to consider:
Anxiety and Nerves – If you are feeling particularly anxious, try taking deep breaths before you start and focus on speaking slowly. The best method for coping with nerves is to act as though you feel confident. It helps to smile. Remember that you will probably look a lot less nervous than you feel. Even if you look nervous, most of the audience will be sympathetic, because they will be feeling nervous too! Try having a glass of water handy, to sip if your throat becomes dry.
Body Language – Your body can communicate impressions to your audience. Your audience will not only listen to you, but they will also watch you, so make sure you maintain good eye contact with them. Try to look at everyone, not just a few people in the front row. Slouching may suggest that you are uninterested in the topic or that you do not care. On the other hand, good posture may suggest to your audience that you know exactly what you are doing and it will also help you to speak more clearly. Above all, be enthusiastic. If you are excited by your topic, you will enthuse your audience too.
Notes/Cue Cards – Reading an essay out loud is not the same as doing a presentation. As mentioned above, spoken and written language often have a different purpose and audience. Reading from a text will make you lose eye contact, intonation and good posture. Reduce your original text to bullet points and practice filling in the gaps during your rehearsals. Use notes, either on cue cards or on a sheet of paper. Number the cards, in case you drop them.
Time Limit – Make sure you keep to the time limit. If you take too long, you are taking someone else’s time and your audience will become bored and restless. At the same time, do not finish too early, as it may seem that you did not understand the topic or that you did not do enough research.
Voice Projection – Speak loudly enough for your audience to hear you. Imagine you are speaking to someone at the back of the room; that way, everyone should hear you. If you have a quiet voice, consider using a microphone. Don’t talk too quickly, and be careful to speak clearly. Try not to speak in a monotone, but vary the volume, speed and pitch of your voice.
Speak loudly enough for your audience to hear you. Imagine you are speaking to someone at the back of the room; that way, everyone should hear you. If you have a quiet voice, consider using a microphone. Don’t talk too quickly, and be careful to speak clearly. Try not to speak in a monotone, but vary the volume, speed and pitch of your voice – Don’t let the first time you give your presentation be the only time you give it. Practice with a critical friend, preferably in the same environment in which you will deliver the actual talk. Consider recording the practice so you can watch it several times and pick up areas for improvement.
Guffey, M. E., & Loewy, D. (2012). Essentials of business communication. Cengage Learning.
Jaffe, C. (2012). Public speaking: Concepts and skills for a diverse society. Cengage Learning.
Kline, J. A. (2001). Effective public speaking essentials. Research & Education Assoc.
Larmer, J., & Mergendoller, J. R. (2012). Speaking of speaking. Educational Leadership, 70(4), 74-76.
Raveenthiran, V. (2005). The 10 commandments of oral presentations.
significant differences in spoken and written english
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
GET THIS PROJECT NOW BY CLICKING ON THIS LINK TO PLACE THE ORDER
Do You Have Any Other Essay/Assignment/Class Project/Homework Related to this? Click Here Now [CLICK ME] and Have It Done by Our PhD Qualified Writers!!
Tired of getting an average grade in all your school assignments, projects, essays, and homework? Try us today for all your academic schoolwork needs. We are among the most trusted and recognized professional writing services in the market.
We provide unique, original and plagiarism-free high quality academic, homework, assignments and essay submissions for all our clients. At our company, we capitalize on producing A+ Grades for all our clients and also ensure that you have smooth academic progress in all your school term and semesters.
High-quality academic submissions, A 100% plagiarism-free submission, Meet even the most urgent deadlines, Provide our services to you at the most competitive rates in the market, Give you free revisions until you meet your desired grades and Provide you with 24/7 customer support service via calls or live chats.