Health Lesson Plan Discussion Assignment
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Health Lesson Plan Discussion Assignment
Read Chapter Five in the text. Take notes on all the components of curriculum development. Review the examples of lesson plans in the chapter. Through the internet or other resources (texts, curriculum, etc.) locate two other lesson plans. Compare, contrast and critique the three lesson plans to the format presented in the text. In two paragraphs summarize/analyze which format seems the best approach to effecting behavior change.
Note: this the examples of lesson plans in the chapter.
Lesson Plan Example
Super Smiles is a program designed to be delivered to multi-ethnic males and females on Tuesdays and Thursdays in February to support National Children’s Dental Health Month. The lesson plan—which is featured in this section—is part of a community intervention to improve dental hygiene among 6- and 7-year-old children participating in an after school program at the local youth community center. The intervention’s block plan (Figure 5-4) follows.
The following sample lesson/presentation plan for Tuesday of week 2—from the block plan—shows in detail the elements used in such a plan (Source: Class project—Rachel Willmann, Sara Pennington, and Mandy Abrams):
206 Lesson Plan Example
Week #1 Week #2 Tuesday Thursday Tuesday Thursday Pretest (10) Experiment/ Lecture/Discussion
Identifying Plaque (20)
Lecture/Discussion/ Educational Game/ Display
Sugar (30)Brainstorming/ Group Work
5 Food Groups (40)
Brainstorming/ Discussion Introduction Teeth (20)
Discussion/ Demonstration/ Experimentation Removing Plaque (10)
Snack Considera- tions (15)
Demonstration/ Personal Improvement/Lecture Brushing and Flossing (20)
Discussion Audio-video Plaque Defined (15) Brushing (20) Personal Evaluation (10) Improvement
Plaque and Decay (15) Flossing (20)Demonstration/ Audio-Visual/ Experiment
Personal Improvement Flossing (5) Self-Appraisal Problem Solving Gum Disease (10) Signs of a Worn
Evaluation (10) Evaluation (10) Week #3 Week #4 Tuesday Thursday Tuesday Thursday Personal Pretest (5) Improvement
Personal Improvement Brushing and Flossing (5)
Personal Improvement Brushing and Flossing (5)
Brainstorming/ Personal Improvement Problem Solving Brushing and Flossing Functions of Teeth (15) (5) Role Play/ Brainstorm/Models 5 Keeping Teeth Safe (20)
Final Dental Exam Post-Program Evaluation (20)
Lecture Field Trip Parts of a Tooth (10) Guest Speaker Demonstration
Dentist and Dental Helpers (30)
Teeth and Gums Can Be Injured by . . . (20)
Super Smile Fun
Guest Speaker Demonstration Examining Teeth (20)
Cooperative Learning First Aid (20)
Personal Improvement Don’t Forget (5)
Experiment/Model/ Group Discussion/ Brainstorming SpecializedTeeth(15)
Guest Speaker Demonstration ProfessionalTeeth Cleaning (10)
Evaluation (10) Model/Cooperative Evaluation (5) Learning
Primary Teeth (10)
Source: Class project con- tributed by Rachel Will- mann, Sara Pennington, and Mandy Abrams. Reprinted with permission.
Lesson/ Presentation Plan
By the end of the lesson, first-grade student will identify
Chapter 5 Presentation and Unit Plan Development 207
Name: Super Smiles
Grade level/setting: Pebble Creek After School Program at the Youth
Date: Lesson Plan for Week #2 Tuesday Topic/unit: Dental Health
Lesson title: Healthy and Unhealthy Snacks Theory: Contemplation, Action, and Preparation Age of Target Population: 6–7 year oldsDemographics: 11 girls and 9 boys, multi-ethnic
NHES: 1.2.2. 2.2.1.
healthy snack foods by circling appropriate choices on the worksheet with 90% accuracy.
Psychomotor: The participant will create a food collage to classify multi- ple examples of healthy food choices discussed in the lecture as high in sugar or not high in sugar.
Psychomotor: By the end of the session, first-grade student will demon- strate plaque removal on tooth surfaces, to his or her partner, by remov- ing 95% of the disclosing tablet stains using the method of brushing described.• Affective: Following the discussion on healthy snacks, the learner will verbally justify which of the three foods he or she believes would be the best choice to promote dental health.We discussed last Thursday the importance of brushing and flossing. Re- member that plaque can slowly destroy our teeth if we do not remove it by brushing and flossing. Today, we will be learning about healthy and un- healthy snacks. We will also be brushing and flossing our teeth at the end of class with disclosing tablets or plaque detectors. When we finish today, you will know which snacks are healthy choices for your teeth, so you can pro- tect your dental health. You will also get to improve your brushing and floss- ing skills using special plaque detectors.
Recognize that there are multiple dimensions of health (NHES, 2007).
Identify how the family influences personal health practices and behaviors (NHES, 2007).
Identify trusted adults and professionals who can help pro- mote health (NHES, 2007).
Demonstrate healthy practices and behaviors to maintain or improve personal health (NHES, 2007).
208 Lesson Plan Example
Method/ Time MaterialsContent Outline Strategy Needed Needed
Common sources• Cookies
• Sugared gum
Harmful materials • Bacteria• Acid
Experiment Food tasting
Magazines Scissors Pictures of
Assortment of healthy snack foods (see at- tached)
Healthy choices• Fruits
• Vegetables • Nuts, etc.
A. Surfaces to brush B. ThoroughnessPersonal improvement
(see following pages)
Disclosing tablets Toothbrush
IV. Flossing necessity Personal 5 Minutes Floss improvement
(see following pages)
V. Evaluation Recall 10 Minutes None (see following
Lesson Extension Allow students to color the worksheet (II. Smart Snacks for Me) Alternative Plan B Bulletin board Healthy Snacks (see following
Magazines Glue Scissors
Summary of Discussion Questions
Chapter 5 Presentation and Unit Plan Development 209 Lecture/Discussion
What are some of your favorite types of snacks?
How long does it take for bacteria in plaque to make acid on my teeth?
If I wanted to have something to drink, should I have a cola or a glass ofwater? Why?Educational game, display
- Are most of your pictures falling into the sugary or non-sugary category? Why do you suppose this is happening?
- What favorite healthy snack should I eat to help me have strong, healthy teeth?
Suppose you had a toothbrush in your hand; can you show me the direc- tion you would brush your teeth to make sure you were getting the plaque off? Show me.
Why do I need to brush that way?Culmination
Can someone tell me a healthy snack I should eat to help my teeth be strong?
If your friend tells you flossing is not important, what would your say to convince your friend it is very important?Today we learned that when we eat sugary snacks, it only takes about 20 minutes for bacteria in plaque to make acid, which causes cavities. We learned about healthy snacks that are helpful to our teeth.Question: Can someone tell me a healthy snack I should eat to help my teeth be strong?We also practiced brushing and flossing properly.Question: If your friend tells you flossing is not important, what would your say to convince your friend it is very important?On Thursday, we will be learning about the basic food groups and proper proportions.Problems:
Some students may have food allergies; check before allowing students to taste food items.
Students may be reluctant to try the disclosing tablet—allow these chil- dren to practice brushing on the tooth model.
210 Lesson Plan Example
Lesson Extension: Allow students to color the worksheet (II. Smart
Snacks for Me).
Plan B: Have students make a collage of healthy snack foods. Construct a “Smart Snacks for Me” poster or bulletin board display with pictures of no- sugar-added snack foods.
By the end of class, the students will have met the outlined objectives and be assessed via observation and questioning. The instructor will review and assess the worksheet Smart Snacks for Me, the collage, and the students’ brushing/flossing techniques.
Method/Strategy (Lecture, Discussion)
Discussion question: What are some of your favorite types of snacks?
A. Many common snack foods contain sugar. Show pictures of exam- ples; include cake, candy, pie, sweet rolls, ice cream, cookies, doughnuts, sugared chewing gum, sugar-containing soft drinks, chocolate milk, and
sugar-containing gelatin desserts.
B. Bacteria in plaque make acid when sugar is in the mouth. Each time
food containing sugar is eaten, the bacteria continue to make acid (for about 20 minutes). Bacteria eat the surface of the tooth and leave holes in your teeth, called cavities.
- If I wanted to have something to drink, should I have a cola or a glass of water? Why?
- How long does it take for bacteria in plaque to make acid on my teeth?
- When you eat sugary foods, you increase your chances of letting bac- teria attack your teeth. This is why it is important to choose healthy foods that will not damage your teeth.
Method/Strategy (Educational Game, Display)
Give students magazines containing food items. Have students cut out pic- tures and separate them into food categories, sugary and non-sugary. Give each student two sheets of construction paper and label one sugary and the other non-sugary. Let the students glue their pictures on the appropriate page.
Discussion question: Are most of your pictures falling into the sugary or non-sugary category? Why do you suppose this is happening?
Discuss that snack foods need to be nutritious and do not have to be sugary to be good.
Supplemental Material to Support the Developmental Section
Chapter 5 Presentation and Unit Plan Development 211
Have a tasting party. Blindfold students and have them eat small pieces of healthy snack foods and have them guess what it is according to taste, tex- ture, and smell. Then have them rate the food as sugary or non-sugary. Em- phasize that although fruits have sugar, they are a healthier choice when you want a sugary snack.
Discussion question: What favorite healthy snack should I eat to help me have strong, healthy teeth? Note: Some foods might include oranges, tan- gerines, apples, celery, carrots, cheese crackers, popcorn, pretzels, etc.
- Snack Considerations
If an individual must snack, there are many nutritious non-sugary snack foods. They include meat, nuts, cheese, fresh fruits and vegetables, unsweet- ened fruit juices, sugarless soft drinks, milk, plain yogurt, hard-boiled eggs, popcorn, and pretzels.
Method/Strategy (Discussion, Puzzle)
Pass out the worksheet “Smart Snacks for Me” and have the students indi- cate those foods containing and not containing added sugar.
This section should take approximately 15 minutes. The material needed is the Smart Snacks for Me worksheet. Extend the lesson by allowing stu- dents to color, if necessary and time permits.
Tooth brushing will remove plaque from the outer, inner, and chewing sur- faces of the teeth. It is probable that the thoroughness with which one brushes is more important than the specific technique used. Use of tooth- paste is not required for classroom plaque removal. However, use of a tooth- paste containing fluoride is recommended for brushing at home.
Note: Some students may have been taught other cleaning methods by their dentists or dental hygienist. They should continue to follow the in- structions they have been given.
Method/Strategy (Personal Improvement/Experiment) Discussion questions:
- Suppose you had a toothbrush in your hand; can you show me the direc- tion you would brush your teeth to make sure you were getting the plaque off?
- Why do I need to brush that way?
212 Lesson Plan Example
Remind students of proper brushing techniques discussed in Week #1/ Thursday (see notes).
Have a volunteer student or two demonstrate the correct brush position on the model.
Disclosing Tablets Experiment—explain how the disclosing tablets work and how to properly use them (see instructions on the package).
Practice: Now allow all students to brush their teeth with partners. After the students are finished brushing, have them disclose and see the areas they missed. Partners will check to make sure the plaque has been removed from the teeth after brushing. Allow them to go back and brush again until the re- maining disclosing dye is gone.
This section is approximately 10 minutes. Materials needed include dis- closing tablets, toothbrush, mirror, sink, and water.
Flossing is necessary to remove plaque from between the teeth and under the gum line. It is important to clean these areas thoroughly because dental cavities and periodontal disease often start in these areas where the tooth- brush frequently does not reach.
Note: A method of holding floss, which may be easier for children, is to tie a knot in the ends of 12 to 14 inches of floss to form a circle. Hold with the third, fourth, and fifth fingers of each hand. Use thumbs and forefingers to guide the floss.
Method/Strategy (Personal Improvement)
Now allow the children to practice flossing by distributing floss to each student. Instruct the children to pretend that their partner’s fingers are their teeth. Have the partner hold out his or her hand with fingers close together, representing the way your teeth are close together in your mouth. Have students floss between the fingers of their partner’s hand, practicing the flossing guideline discussed Week #1/Thursday (starting with the backside of the back tooth and working around the arch in a reg- ular pattern—see notes). Each child should have a turn practicing the flossing technique.
Note: For first-grade students, teachers should obtain the assistance of lo- cal dental professionals or parents when attempting in-class flossing.
After the students are finished flossing, have them disclose and see the ar- eas they missed. Allow them to go back and floss again until the remaining disclosing dye is gone.
This section will take approximately 8 to 12 minutes. Materials needed include floss, mirror, sink, and water.
Chapter 5 Presentation and Unit Plan Development 213 V. Evaluation
Each objective will be assessed according to the following technique:
Objective Technique of Assessment Cognitive: By the end of the lesson, first-grade student will identify healthy snack foods by circling ap- propriate choices on the worksheet with 90% accuracy. Instructor will grade the work- sheet. Psychomotor: The participant will create a food collage to classify multiple examples of healthy food choices discussed in the lecture as high in sugar or not high in sugar.
Psychomotor: By the end of the ses- sion, first-grade student will dem- onstrate plaque removal on tooth surfaces, to his or her partner, by removing the disclosing tablet stains using the method of brush- ing described.
Instructor will review the collages to ensure that foods are placed in the correct category.
Instructor will observe the student activity and interaction between partners to ensure participants are properly brushing.
Affective: Following the discussion on healthy snacks, the learner will verbally justify which of the three foods he or she believes would be the best choice to promote dental health. Instructor will randomly call upon participants to check for under- standing.
A copy of the worksheet Smart Snacks for Me would also be found with the supplemental materials that support the developmental section. The thoroughness of this lesson plan enables any person to execute it with fi- delity. If another educator can basically follow your plan and present the material as you would, you have a well-developed plan.
Health Lesson Plan Discussion Assignment
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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