Ethics Codes and their Enforcement Essay
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Ethics Codes and their Enforcement Essay
Summarize the ethical issue that you identified in your Module Eight short paper and describe how you would address the issue to comply with both legal and professional standards of practice.
post 1oria Patterson posted Mar 9, 2022 6:46 PMSubscribeHello All, in my module 8 short paper, I discussed ethical issues that could arise from informed consent in online data collection. The heart of ethical research and, indeed of research ethics scrutiny, is the attempt to balance the risk of harm against the potential for benefits that can accrue to individuals, groups, communities, organizations and even societies from research participation (Iphofen, 2018).
When it comes to informed consent, there are several difficulties. The first is that of ambiguity. As a researcher, you must be open to many interpretations. This can be a difficult task. When it comes to acquiring information, language difficulties might also be a problem.
Even while technology has given us access to a vast amount of information, people from different regions of the world do not always communicate in the same way, either verbally or in writing, as those conducting the research, therefore translations can be done erroneously or inaccurately. To avoid problems, I believe the researcher should be well-organized and request consent when necessary.
If the researcher is unsure whether or not to request consent, it is best to request a consent form to be on the safe side. To avoid harming the participants, the nature of the study, the company, or the researcher herself, it is critical to be aware of the various ethical principles and to act in accordance with them.
Depending on how you obtain your information, you can comply with obtaining informed consent in a variety of ways, both legally and professionally. Informed permission must now be documented in writing for important things like operations or medical procedures. It is, however, a fundamental ethical requirement in academic study.
Your research’s level of risk will determine how consent is documented and obtained. Participants must be given clear information, they must be given the option to withdraw from the process, sensitive information must be examined and preserved, and consent must be granted without the influence or pressure of outside influences.
Autonomy is a central value in Western medicine and medical ethics, but exactly what kind of role medicine ought to give to patients’ autonomy seems to be somewhat obscure. It is plausible that autonomous persons are often in the best position to determine what would be good and bad for them (see, e.g., Sumner (1996)) and, consequently, it is arguable that there is good reason to consider patients’ autonomy to have instrumental value in medicine (Varelius, 2006).
10-1 Discussion: Ethics and Reflection Contains unread posts James Smith posted Mar 9, 2022 9:56 AMSubscribeIn the module eight short paper, I identified three ethical issues that might arise when conducting internet-based research on patients with brain damage or traumatic brain injuries. They were informed consent, non-maleficence, and privacy and confidentiality.
I believe that informed consent was the most critical issue identified in that paper. If I were the researcher in that study, informed consent would be of great concern to me. I would need to carefully weigh the participant’s ability in this regard and the potential for the study to cause the participant further harm.
To comply with legal standards, I would need to follow the FDA guidance surrounding informed consent. Paying particular attention to things such as undue influence or coercion and using language that is understandable to the subject or their representative (Information sheet: Informed consent draft guidance for IRBs, clinical Investigators, and sponsors, 2014).
To comply with professional standards of practice, I would follow the guidelines recommended by the center for ethical practice regarding ethical standards about informed consent (Fisher, 2006). Paying particular attention to the informed consent (3.10), debriefing (8.08), and assessment (9.03) codes originally established by the APA code of ethics.
As for the class question regarding the ethical issues to consider in face-to-face interviews and surveys for those over and under the age of eighteen, here are my thoughts. Those over the age of eighteen would be of less concern to me, provided they were willing and able to provide informed consent. I would require children under the age of eighteen to provide informed consent as well as both their parents.
For very young children, those below the age of ten, I would attempt to assess their level of maturity and their ability to understand the research before interviewing them, even with parental consent. There are competing views on the use of cameras in research conducted with children.
Haggerty (2020) cites the concerns Foucault (1977/1995) raises over apparatuses of observation serving as mechanisms of surveillance and control but also cites more recent studies such as Flewitt (2006), Kind (2013), and Magnusson (2018) that feel it can be “instrumental in giving voice to children’s perspectives” (Haggerty, 2020).
My opinion is that it can be both a positive and a negative for many of the same reasons and will greatly depend upon the research subject matter as well as the maturity level of the child being interviewed.
Ethics Codes and their Enforcement Essay
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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