Environmental Pollution the Surrounding Land, Air, And Water
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Environmental Pollution the Surrounding Land, Air, And Water
Running Head: THE PROSPECTUS
THE PROSPECTUS 4
Charlotte D. Horton
Professor Carol Myslinski
May 7, 2014 Abstract
Essentially, environmental pollution ascribes to the release of toxic matter to the surrounding land, air, and water by individuals and industries. Apart from poor disposal of industrial wastes, overexploitation of various environmental resources is
still one of the biggest causes of pollution in developing countries. The effects of environmental pollution are deeply rooted in these countries because the policies that require the use of current environmental prevention and control measures
are not well established. Basically, the impacts of environmental toxic wastes comprise of damage to human or animal and environmental health issue (Ezzati & Kammen, 2012). Nonetheless, these effects can be prevented or controlled in
developing countries using current or future prevention and control measures. Comment by Jim & Carol: Vague – it is important to be as concrete as possible.
The effects of environmental pollution can be prevented in developing countries using current or future prevention and control measures. Comment by Jim & Carol: Vague
(i) Environmental pollution has become more rampant in developing countries since the existing environmental pollution prevention and control measures are not effective enough, some are yet to be implemented.
(ii) The effects of environmental pollution are on the rise; it’s more than just a health issue (Ezzati & Kammen, 2012). Comment by Jim & Carol: No Contractions
(iii) The research paper will seek to analyze how environmental pollution has impacted on human health and the environment, as well as the current or future pollution prevention and control measures that can be adopted by the developing
countries during the current period of rapid economic growth. Comment by Jim & Carol: Don’t announce. Just list the three points you will develop in the body. What are the method? List each one clearly. You are writing a problem solution paper.
The first part of your paper should examine the problem. The second part of your paper should examine some of the possible solutions. 1. 2. 3.
Key sub-points in the research paper will include:
(i) Forms of environmental pollution; sources of environmental pollution will be described briefly. Comment by Jim & Carol: These are the details you will use for the main points listed above. At this point, you should have some source interaction.
(ii) Effects of environmental pollution on human health and the environment.
(iii) Current or future pollution prevention and control measures in developing countries.
- Pollution control devices
- Pollution prevention and control technologies
Opponents of various initiatives for environmental pollution control and prevention argue that industrial wastes and other pollutants are an indication of economic growth. Also, some are of the opinion that prevention and control of pollution is a
costly venture; it’s a natural process that shouldn’t be interfered with (Spilker, 2012). The prevailing emphasis on economic growth and profits in developing countries at the expense of public health is another possible objection to the current or
future prevention and control measures in developing countries by politicians. Also, some people assert exposure to indoor air pollution from solid fuels in developing countries shouldn’t be included as one of the causes of environmental
pollution (Ezzati & Kammen, 2012). Comment by Jim & Carol: Don’t feel as though you have to address every opposing view, just a couple of the main ones.
Response to Objections
Use the word “however” as lead in response to objections.
Objections to environmental protection are numerous, nevertheless, it’s often more profitable to businesses compared to the funding that will be required to deal with its effects. Continuous modernization of pollution control devices is
important, regardless of the costs involved (Liaquat, et.al. 2010). This is actually the true indication of economic growth that the key stakeholders should learn to consider as true because the quality of the environment matters a lot. Although
it’s hard to change the existing situation in the developing countries, the governments of the concerned countries should take the initiative of enacting and enforcing the most appropriate environmental protection laws. This will help address
the problem of overemphasis on profits by various stakeholders in their economies. Politicians must be held responsible for their actions (Khator, 2013). Comment by Jim & Carol: Some comma splices are evident. Also, unless part of a quote, do not use contractions.
Anwar, W. A. (2009). Environmental health in Egypt. International Journal Of Hygiene & Environmental Health, 206(4/5), 339-350. doi:10.1078/1438-4639-00230
The environmental problems of developing countries are demonstrated by this article, which is basically a report of health and environmental effects associated with the use of non-renewable energy sources. Anwar, 2009, asserts that the
Government of Egypt (as one of the most affected developing countries) has introduced new policies that comprise of inter-sectorial collaboration, risk minimization, treatment of pollutants at source, and law enforcement mitigation procedures.
Ezzati, M., & Kammen, D. M. (2012). The Health Impacts of Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution from Solid Fuels in Developing Countries: Knowledge, Gaps, and Data Needs. Environmental Health Perspectives, 110(11), 1057.
The health impacts of exposure to indoor air pollution in developing countries are addressed by Ezzati & Kammen, 2002, particularly from combustion of solid fuels like coal. Successful intervention strategies based on preventive measures and policies are put into the perspective of environmental protection through pollution control.
Khator, R. (2013). Environment As A Political Issue In Developing Countries: A Study Of Environmental Pollution In India–A Viewpoint. International Journal Of Environmental Studies, 23(2), 105.
This is an article provides great insight into the politicization of environmental protection measures in developing countries, as well as the effects of this move on the environmental policy outputs. According to Khator, 2013, environmental
pollution prevention and control strategies have not achieved the much needed “politicization,” in most developing countries.
Liaquat, A. M., Kalam, M. A., Masjuki, H. H., & Jayed, M. H. (2010). Potential emissions reduction in road transport sector using biofuel in developing countries. Atmospheric Environment, 44(32), 3869-3877. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.07.003
Developing countries are currently facing severe energy insecurity, especially renewable energy. Liaquat, et.al., 2010, is an article which reveals how economic growth has encouraged air pollution in the road transport sector. Effects of air
pollution are also cited by this source, but it recommends the use of biofuel powered automotives as the best solution. This environmental pollution is also touted as the best way for the developing countries to create more jobs and increase productivity through expansion of biofuel industries.
Spilker, G. (2012). Helpful Organizations: Membership in Inter-Governmental Organizations and Environmental Quality in Developing Countries. British Journal Of Political Science, 42(2), 345-370. doi:10.1017/S0007123411000329
This is an article which examines how intergovernmental organizations help developing countries enhance their initiatives for environmental performance through promotion of the general idea for environmental sustainability. It also provides
ideas on how developing countries can adopt the modern technologies that can be applied for the sole purpose of environmental pollution control and prevention.
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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