Discussion on Reducing Drug Circulation in Afghanistan
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
1. Write a 250-word response using only one source.
Do you agree or disagree?
“The United States has a checks and balances policy that helps to limit government corruption. Laws are created and enforced by the executive, legislative, and judicial departments, and there are humane repercussions when these laws are broken. Afghanistan’s administration, on the other hand, lacks checks and balances and is driven by profit. The enforcers are violence and death. Corruption is at the heart of the Afghan government, as it is in every narco-state we analyze. The GIRoA has had drug money fund officials in almost every post, including the head of Afghan counter-narcotics at one
Throughout the years of the US war on terror, we have unknowingly contributed to the creation of Afghanistan’s narco-state. From 2009 to 2013, Jean-Luc Lemahieu, the chief of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in Afghanistan, claims that drug control was not a priority. Limiting casualties was the goal, and if that required forging unholy friendships with characters of various hues, so be it. (Aikins). These “unholy relationships” with drug lords were important in their ascension to power. The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) launched an office in Afghanistan in 2003 with the
intention of directly combating the drug surge. The DEA program in Afghanistan is aimed to deny narcotics-derived funding to terrorism and insurgency, break the nexus between insurgency and drug trafficking, promote the rule of law, expose and minimize corruption, and lessen the overall drug threat from Afghanistan, according to the DEA (Future U.S. Counternarcotics 2). However, while the United States fights to stop terrorists from being funded, Afghanistan, which once housed the drug trade, is now the drug trade.
Finding tranquility is a difficult task. It would be advantageous to have a secure extradition strategy. Due to political will, the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan has had a draft extradition law under consideration by their legal system for some time now. Although the United States has had some success in gaining the extradition of major traffickers from Afghanistan, significant obstacles will persist until Afghanistan enacts a comprehensive and effective extradition law (Wiles). Aside from extradition, vetting Afghan government officials is critical, as is maintaining an open
channel of communication. The United States should give local farmers with crops to replace poppies so that they may continue to make a living and the economy can grow. More money, people, and time will be required.
The United States should maintain a presence in Afghanistan and keep its troops there. Commitment, consistency, and a lot of time are required to reverse an entire economic plan and rebuild a corrupt and lawless administration. Afghanistan took generations to get to where it is now, and it should take generations to get out. Pulling the military out, contrary to the American public’s desire for instant pleasure, would make it easier for narco-terrorists to continue their incursion. And I believe it would be an insult to those who have already given their lives in this war for it to be in vain.”
250-word response, one source:
Do you agree or disagree?
“Compare and contrast US government policy with GIRoA’s.
The Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA) is organized in a three-branch system
similar to that of the United States, with an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. After the United
Nations Bonn Conference in 2001, which focused on political rebuilding and included a new constitution,
a presidential election in 2004, and a National Assembly election in 2005 (United States Compared to
Afghanistan), most of this system was rebuilt. While having a government structure that was developed
and backed by UN participating states gives a firm foundation on paper, and in some ways mirrors our
own, there are numerous external forces that influence Afghanistan as a nation and individuals who
serve in its political roles. Of course, there are groups, unions, and larger movements in the United
States that try to persuade the government to pass specific legislation. They are all, however,
insignificant in comparison to the Taliban and around 19 other terrorist organizations operating in
Afghanistan alone (Nicholson). Insurgent groups in Afghanistan use drug trafficking proceeds to achieve
their political agenda, said James Capra, comparing these extremist organizations, their influence,
narcotics, and clear correlation to political gain in the country. Simply put, “many experts feel the
Taliban is a potent combat force that challenges Afghan democratic institutions, people’ rights, and
regional security,” according to the report (Maizland). Furthermore, persons in positions of power in
Afghanistan’s government are said to be bribed. While bribery affects numerous positions across the
government in different ways, the corrupt act continues in provinces, districts, municipalities, judges,
prosecutors, and other places (Corruption in Afghanistan). While the US government is far from
flawless in terms of political image, there are checks and balances within the government as well as
outside news sources and journalists that exploit, if necessary, corruption to the public with far lower
levels of fear than in Afghanistan.”
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. 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The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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