Assignment EDU731 Research Proposal
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
Assignment EDU731: Research Proposal
EDUCATION AND PANDEMIC IN SUB-SAHARA AFRICA: CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS FOR STABLIZING A FRAGILE BUT VALUABLE SECTOR
Name of the student
The primary elements that led to the disruption of education systems in Sub-Saharan Africa following the commencement of the COVID-19 epidemic are uncovered in this study. Data was gathered from key stakeholders and analyzed using descriptive statistics. In addition, the report emphasizes the importance of education in Sub-Saharan Africa. The study also looks at the negative consequences of the disruption of learning on children, teachers, parents, school staff, and other stakeholders. Furthermore, the study suggests a feasible intervention that governments in this region could implement in order to deal with future disruptions and the current COVID-19 pandemic. The need to embrace digital learning and build an enabling atmosphere is one of the primary solutions mentioned. This entails expanding internet coverage, lowering internet costs, equipping schools with affordable devices, and developing ways to make these devices more affordable. It also emphasizes the significance of deliberate digital training and its inclusion in the curriculum.
Review of the literature
The COVID-19 epidemic has thrown off previously established procedures and systems. Learning systems in Sub-Saharan Africa have been interrupted as a result of the conflict. The education sector in most nations in Sub-Saharan Africa came to a halt, learning institutions were stopped, and pupils were taken home. The study uncovered the. This occurred all over the world. The obvious difference was that in developed countries, learning continued through digital learning, whereas in Sub-Saharan Africa, digital learning was difficult to implement. Several challenges have been identified in the research. One of the issues mentioned was the lack of internet access in this region’s countries. Two major factors exacerbated the problem of accessibility: poor internet connectivity and high internet charges relative to the majority of the population. A large portion of Sub-Saharan Africa is without 3G service (World Economic Forum, 2014). The lack of supporting infrastructure, such as electricity, was also cited as a major issue. Around two-thirds of people in Sub-Saharan Africa do not have access to electricity, according to the World Economic Forum (2020). Other issues raised in the research included device affordability, language barriers, a lack of skills, cultural barriers, and negative attitudes and perceptions about digital learning.
The closure of educational institutions was discovered to have far-reaching economic and social consequences. One of the recommendations was that the internet and other infrastructures be designated as basic needs. The first step was for the government to recognize that the internet had become a critical need and to improve internet access in Africa. Most educational institutions would be able to implement digital or blended learning as a result of this. There have also been calls to improve digital literacy by including these concepts in the curriculum from an early age. Another major intervention that most studies highlighted was the need for guidelines and systems to ensure the quality of digital learning.
Details of the research project:
The goal of the study was to figure out what factors contributed to the disruption of learning during the study, how important education is in Sub-Saharan Africa, and what solutions key stakeholders could use to improve education delivery during and after the pandemic. The following are the research questions for the study:
1. Which factors, in your opinion, caused the complete cessation of educational activities in many African countries in the Sub-Saharan region?
2. Why is Sub-Saharan Africa so digitally divided?
3. In Sub-Saharan Africa, how important is education?
4. What are the major challenges that Africa’s educational systems face in terms of flexibility?
5. How can Africa implement the digitization of education systems?
6. How do you envision the post-pandemic learning system in Sub-Saharan Africa?
This research is significant because, despite the serious consequences, there have been few comprehensive studies on this topic. The study will come in handy when governments in Sub-Saharan Africa try to implement E-Learning due to the pandemic’s long-term effects. The study will provide policymakers, institution administrators, and other key stakeholders with relevant and accurate information on the viable interventions that must be implemented to ensure that learning systems are feasible.
The research will take the form of a survey. Data will be gathered from experts in the field as well as key stakeholders like teachers, students, and parents. Expert opinions from a variety of sources will be analyzed as well. The descriptive analysis method will be used to analyze the data.
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Prepare a clever introduction.
Consider your options for a literature review.
Draft Literature review
Make a plan for a literature review.
Draft of methodology
COVID-19, Learning practices, digitization of learning, Sub-Saharan Africa, Governments, education system
Indicative References sources
Aborode, A., Anifowoshe, O., Ayodele, T. I., Iretiayo, A. R., & David, O. O. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 on education in sub-Saharan Africa.
Adotey, S.K. (2020). What will higher education in Africa look like after COVID-19? Education Forum https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/06/higher-education-africa-covid19-coronavirusdigital-online/
Agenda. Accessed Online (18/04/2020), From:
Di Pietro, G., Biagi, F., Costa, P., Karpi?ski, Z., & Mazza, J. (2020). The likely impact of COVID-19 on education: Reflections based on the existing literature and recent international datasets (Vol. 30275). (Vol. 30275). Publications Office of the European Union.
Ogunode, N. J., Ndubuisi, A. G., & Terfa, A. C. (2021). Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Nigerian educational institutions. Electronic Research Journal of Engineering, Computer, and Applied Sciences, 3, 10-20.
United Nations Education Scientific and Cultural Organization. (2020). Covid-19 Education Disruption and Response. Retrieved from https://en.unesco.org/covid-19/educationresponse Accessed on 10th June 2020.
Viner, R. M., Russell, S. J., Croker, H., Packer, J., Ward, J., Stansfield, C., & Booy, R. (2020). School closure and management practices during coronavirus outbreaks including COVID-19: a rapid systematic review. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 4(5), 397-404.
World Economic Forum (WEF). (2020). COVID-19’s staggering impact on global education; Global
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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